Takehiko Kariya

Professor in the Sociology of Japanese Society

College: St Antony's

Research Areas: Education, Social Stratification, Educational and Social Policies, Social Changes in Postwar Japan.

Member of Research Streams

  • Social inequality, mobility, education and labour markets

Email: Takehiko Kariya

Tel.: 01865 274577

Further Links: College profile

I joined the University of Oxford in 2008. After completing my BA and MA degrees at the University of Tokyo, I studied at Northwestern University in the US, where I got my PhD in sociology in 1988. After going back to Japan, I worked at the National Institute of Multimedia Education from 1988 to 1991, and then moved to the Graduate School of Education, University of Tokyo, where I taught the sociology of education for almost two decades until I came to Oxford. My research interests cover sociology of education; social stratification and social mobility; social changes of Postwar Japan; social and educational policies.

My teaching at Oxford includes the Sociology of Japanese Society. I have supervised doctoral and masters students research on education, inequality, social organizations, and other social problems in Asian countries including Japan, China, Korea, Taiwan, and Turkey.


Education Reform and Social Class in Japan, (2013), Routledge.

Books co-edited:

Challenges to Japanese Education: Economics, Reforms, and Human Rights , co-edited with June Gordon, Hidenori Fujita, and Gerald LeTender, Teachers College Press, 2010.

The State and Higher Education, co-edited with Roger Goodman, John Taylor, Symposium Books, 2013.

Journal Articles:

"The Twisted, Unintended Impacts of Globalization on Japanese Education," co-authored with Jeremy Rappleye, in Research in Sociology of Education, Volume 17, pp. 17–63, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2010.

"Credential Inflation and Employment in 'Universal' Higher Education: Enrolment, Expansion, and (In)Equity via Privatization in Japan", Journal of Education and Work, Vol.24 No.1-2, pp.69-94, Routledge, 2010.

"Japanese solutions to the equity and efficiency dilemma? Secondary schools, inequity and the arrival of 'universal' higher education", Oxford Review of Education Vol. 37, No. 2, April 2011, pp. 241–266.

"Is everyone capable of becoming a 'good citizen' in Japanese society? Inequality and the Realization of the 'Good Citizen' education", Multicultural Education Review, vo.4 No.1, April 2012, pp.119-146.

Chapters in books:

"From Credential Society to 'Learning Capital' Society: A Rearticulation of Class Formation in Japanese Education and Society," in Social Class in Contemporary Japan, edited by Hiroshi Ishida and David H. Slater, Routledge, 2009.

"The End of Egalitarian Education in Japan?: The Effect of Policy Changes in Resource Distribution on Compulsory Education," in Challenges to Japanese Education: Economics, Reform, and Human Rights, Edited by Gordon, J.A., Fujita, H., Kariya, T. and Gerald K. LeTendre, G.K. Teachers College Press, 2010.

'Reimagining Self/Other: 'catch-up across Japan's three great education reforms', co-authored with Jeremy Rappleye, in Reimagining Japanese Education, edited by David Blake Willis and Jeremy Rappleye, Symposium Books, pp.51-83, 2011

'The State's Role and Quasi-market in Higher Education: Japan's Trilemma in The State and Higher Education, edited by Goodman, R., Kariya. T., and Taylor, J., , Symposium Books, pp.217-214, 2013.

'Resource allocation, historical background of egalitarian education and its changes in Japan: A silent revolution and its unintended results', in Education in East Asia (Series Education around the world) edited by Pei-Tseng Jenny Hsieh, Continuum Books, 2013.

'The two lost decades in education: the failure of reform', in Examining Japan's Lost Decades, edited by Yoichi Funabashi and Barak Kushner, Routledge, 2015.

'Understanding structural changes in inequality in Japanese education: from selection to choice,' in Social Inequality in Post-growth Japan, edited by David Chiavacci and Carola Hommerich, Routledge, 2017.

‘Education and Social Disparities in Japan.’ In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Education. Ed. George Noblit. New York: Oxford University Press, 2018.

‘Inequality and Realizing the Education of a “Good Citizen”’ in Handbook of Multicultural Education Research in Asia Pacific, edited by Yun-Kyung Cha, Seung-Hwan Ham, and Moosung Lee, Routledge, 2018.

‘Meritocracy, Modernity, and the Completion of Catch-up: Problems and Paradoxes’ In Japanese Education in a Global Age - Sociological Reflections and Future Directors. Edited by Yonezawa, A., Kitamura, Y., Yamamoto, B., and Tokunaga, T. Springer, 2018.


In addition, I have published 15 single-authored books as well as 13 edited or co-authored books in Japanese.