Guilt over household chores is ‘harming working women’s health’
Posted: 19 Feb 2018

A new article by Naomi Larsson in The Guardian discusses data from a new working paper by Professor J Gershuny, the Co-Director of the Centre for Time Use Research (CTUR).

Guilt about not doing enough housework may be harming working women’s health, according to new analysis of data from the International Social Survey Programme.
Article notes that in the UK, averaging across all seven days of the week, women and men now spend a near-identical amount of time working when household chores are. But men are paid for almost 25% more of their work. And men are also paid better, both in the UK and across the world. The data comes from a new working paper by by Oxford University’s Centre for Time Use Research (CTUR)a gender analysis of 75 national time-use surveys for people aged 20–59 from 24 countries over the last 58 years.

Further information

Jonathan Gershuny is Professor of Sociology, Director of CTUR, Fellow of Nuffield College

The Mafia - organised crime: Federico Varese on Radio 4's Thinking Allowed
Posted: 22 Sep 2017

The Mafia and organised crime from Sicily to Japan and the UK. 

Laurie Taylor talks to Federico Varese, Professor of Criminology at Oxford University. He has charted the daily life of people working for the mafia and the ways in which it is being impacted by changes in technology and the movement of people and money. They're joined by Ann Veron, documentary maker and co-author of a new study on the role of Mafia women and by Paul Lashmar, an academic at City University and investigative journalist with a specialism in organised crime.

Further information

Federico Varese is Deputy Head of Department, Taught Courses Director, Professor of Criminology, Director of EXLEGI

Thoroughly modern mafia: how organised crime embraced technology — but not female gangsters
Posted: 25 Jul 2017

Mafia Life by Federico Varese reviewed by Chris Harvey in The Telegraph.

'Democracy and free markets are intimately connected to organised crime, notes Federico Varese in his wide-ranging exploration of global mafias. Authoritarian regimes don’t scruple to stamp out their power, he explains, while democracies often come up short.

Powerful mafias emerged in Sicily, Japan and Russia as their societies underwent a sudden transition to the market economy, abetted by weak legal structures. When the Soviet Union collapsed, Varese suggests, the West was focused on the rush to privatisation, when it should have been helping to strengthen legal institutions. It was a costly error.

Varese has been studying organised crime for more than two decades and has worked as an adviser on the Russian mafia to John le Carré on his 2010 novel Our Kind of Traitor. In Mafia Life, he digs deep into the culture and practices of Japanese Yakuza, Hong Kong Triads, the Sicilian Mafia and their Italian-American counterparts, as well as post-Soviet criminal gangs.'

-from Harvey's review

Further information

Federico Varese is Deputy Head of Department, Taught Courses Director, Professor of Criminology, Director of EXLEGI

How free trade can make you fat
Posted: 20 Jul 2017

‘The North American Free Trade Agreement may have dramatically changed the Canadian diet by boosting consumption of high-fructose corn syrup’, a new study by DPhil student Pepita Barlow suggests.

‘That boost arrested a years-long decline in total sugar consumption. And it shifted Canadians away from liquid sweeteners such as maltose and molasses toward high-fructose corn syrup, a sweetener that has been linked to the obesity epidemic.
The peer-reviewed study, published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, found that as tariffs on high-fructose corn syrup dropped over a four-year period, consumption grew: from 21.2 calories of corn syrup per day in 1994 to 62.9 calories per day by 1998.’ Writes Caitlin Dewey in her article.

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Generational and class gaps in attitudes on fees, polling finds
Posted: 20 Jul 2017

Tuition fees rank marginally above animal rights on list of voting priorities – but young people assign higher importance. Steve Fisher helps the Times Higher Education to sort through the polling data.

'There is deep unhappiness with England’s current system of tuition fees among the young people most likely to be facing repayments under the status quo, with a generational gulf evident in attitudes to university financing, YouGov’s poll for Times Higher Education shows.'  Writes John Morgan in his article.

Further information

Steve Fisher is Director of Graduate Studies, Associate Professor in Political Sociology, Fellow of Trinity College and Department Disability Lead